Prof Clive Phillips

Clive Phillips studied agriculture at Reading University and obtained a PhD in dairy cow nutrition and behaviour from the University of Glasgow. He lectured in farm animal production and medicine at the Universities of Cambridge and Wales, and conducted research into cattle and sheep welfare. As the inaugural holder of the University of Queensland Chair in Animal Welfare he is now involved in research in animal welfare and ethics and the development and implementation of State and Federal government animal welfare policies. He has written widely on animal welfare and management in scientific journals, blogs and books, and he edits a new journal in the field, Animals, and a series of books on animal welfare for Springer. His latest book, The Animal Trade, will be published this spring by CABI.

Topic: The growing animal trade, a catalyst for consumption or a welfare worry?

Trade is an inevitable part of human activity and evolution, but when it involves animals there are important ethical issues that have to be considered. Trade in live farm animals is often for economic reasons only, and may sometimes be hard to justify ethically. There are significant welfare and environmental costs to animals and human society that must be carefully evaluated before such a trade is sanctioned. Statistics are provided that detail the trade in live and dead animals and animal parts, quantifying the rapid recent growth of the trade in farm animals. Welfare, environmental, economic and cultural issues around this trade are considered. It is concluded that from the evidence provided the extent of welfare problems for farm animals is increasing, in part due to the increase in trade.